National Quantum Mission: India to create an innovative and vibrant ecosystem in quantum technologies has launched its National Quantum Mission worth a total cost of Rs. 6003.65 Cr. from 2023-24 to 2030-31. Budget 2023 announced Rs 8,000 cr over the next 5 years in the National Mission on Quantum technology and its application.
The areas of focus for the NM-QTA Mission will be fundamental science, translation, technology development, and addressing issues concerning national priorities. The quantum principle will be used for engineering solutions to extremely complex problems in computing, chemistry, communication, sensing, imaging, cryptocurrency, and mechanics.
National Quantum Mission
India has taken 3 years to finetune its mission plan and will have the challenges of scaling up by involving the private sector, which is a key global player in quantum R&D and its applications. Top global firms such as Microsoft, IBM, and Google also plan and run quantum R&D programs and many Indian startups have also come into the field.
According to the report of Economic Times, 3 years after India announced, the Finally Nation Quantum Mission has now been launched. India is the second development country after China to approve the National Quantum Mission. Apart from China, there are only a few developed countries in the world that have a mission on quantum computing. These countries include the US, Japan, Germany, and France.
National Mission on quantum technologies and Applications
- The total cost of Rs.6003.65 crore from 2023-24 to 2030-31
- Mission to develop magnetometers with high sensitivity in atomic systems and Atomic Clocks for precision timing, communications, and navigation.
- Support design and synthesis of quantum materials such as superconductors, novel semiconductor structures, and topological materials for the fabrication of quantum devices.
- Single photon sources/detectors, and entangled photon sources are to be developed for quantum communications, sensing, and metrological applications.
- To be implemented by the Department of Science & Technology in partnership with other departments.
National Quantum Mission – The mission will be steered by the Department of Science and Technology and will have close engagement with the DRDO, the Department of Atomic Energy, and the Department of Space as well as top educational institutes, it is gathered. It is an exciting new technology that will be shaped our world tomorrow by providing us with an edge and a myriad of possibilities.
National Mission on quantum technologies Deliverables
- Developing intermediate-scale quantum computers with 50-1000 physical qubits in 8 years in various platforms like superconducting and photonic technology.
- Satellite-based secure quantum communications between ground stations over a range of 2000 kilometers within India
- Long-distance secure quantum communications with other countries.
- Inter-city quantum key distribution over 2000 km.
National Quantum Mission upsc
National Quantum Mission Deliverables:
- Multi-node quantum network with quantum memories.
- Four Thematic Hubs (T-Hubs) to be set up in top academic and National R&D institutes on the domains –
▸ Quantum Computing
▸ Quantum Communication
▸ Quantum Sensing & Metrology
▸ Quantum Materials & Devices
Quantum Mission India Benefits
- Seeding, nurturing, and scaling-up scientific and industrial R&D.
- Creation of a vibrant & innovative ecosystem in Quantum Technology.
- The acceleration of QT led to economic growth.
- Making India a leading nation in the development of quantum technologies & applications.
Source of Information – insta/officialdigitalindia
China stepped into the race in 2008 and boasts of high-end quantum tech-based satellite capabilities and supercomputers.
Q. 1 Who proposed quantum theory?
Ans. Nobel prize winners Max Planck & Niels Bohr are the founding father of quantum theory. In 1900 presented quantum theory to the German Physical Society by physicist Max Planck.
Q. 2 Who proposed quantum numbers?
Ans. Wolfgang Pauli